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L’AKP e l’approccio al secolarismo nel primo mandato di governo (2002-2007): Il rapporto col percorso di adesione all’Unione Europea della Turchia
Carlo Sanna

Codice Doi

The Justice and Development Party (AKP) conquered the majority of votes for the first
time in 2002, thanks to a political programme which put together on the one hand a
credible response to the economic crisis by further integration in the global economy
and the perspective of the EU accession, and on the other hand the promise to protect
the rights of the religious-conservative sectors. This multifaceted political perspective
allowed the AKP to build a cross-class coalition which included a wide spectrum of
social classes, ranging from rampant entrepreneurs, to the Anatolian conservatives
and believers, to wide portions of ethnic minorities. By addressing the claims of the
peripheries of Turkish society, the AKP managed to gain enough consent to be able to
carry on an unprecedented programme of reforms. These reform packages aimed not
only – as the political roots of the AKP might have suggested – at accomodating the
demands of its religious constituencies. In a political environment occupied by elites
showing an aggressive interpretation of secularism, the AKP took advantage of the EU
accession negotiations to carry on much needed reforms. These were ultimately intended
to address the issues of its constituencies while at the same time remove the political and
institutional barriers of the so-called “assertive secularism” and thus further consolidate
its power.
Keywords:Turkey, Secularism, Kemalism, AKP, European Union.