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La Tripolitania coloniale e il “Mondo musulmano” all’inizio del XX secolo: prove di autogoverno tra anticolonialismo e panislamismo
This article analyses the practical, political, ideal, and rhetorical connections
characterizing the relationship between Tripolitania and Istanbul, between the immediate
post-Lausanne period (1912) and the end of World War I (1918), which contributed to
rearticulating the Ottoman Imperial Imagery as well as inspiring both Tripolitania’s and
North African anti-colonial movements. As a matter of fact, even after the Italian colonial
occupation, the political forces of Tripolitania resistance contributed in redefining the
idea of the ‘Muslim world’, of which the Sublime Porte represented the epiphenomenon.
This became clearer after the outbreak of the Great War, when Tripolitania witnessed the
birth of several experiences of pan-Islamic self-government. Anti-colonial war, coupled
with the pan-Islamic rhetoric, in fact, became one of the multiple declinations of 1914-
1918 ‘total war’.
Keywords: Pan-Islamism, World War I, Ottoman Empire, Libya, anti-colonialism