Land Law, Power, Rural Development in post-Independence Mozambique

Land Law, Power, Rural Development in post-Independence Mozambique

João Carrilho and Uacitissa Mandamule

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The development of land administration and management policies follows the movements and internal power struggles occurring during the regimes. At the centres of these powers there are struggles that delay, accelerate, influence, destabilize the policy-making process and the consolidation of land regimes. Currently, the design of land management and administration policies in Africa has been influenced by a reinterpretation of the relationship between the political regime, the land regime and the labour regime according to (neo) patrimonial logic where personification and centralization of power around the elites that integrate the power systems, stand as a bigger concern. Confronting these discourses, land administration and management policy options and models have been debated to ensure the rights of individuals and communities and promote rural development. Questions arise as to the level (central or local) these should be located and / or organized. This article intends to recall how the historical background and the current narratives relate to decentralization and the relationship between the law and customary norms in view of improving of land management in post-Independence Mozambique.